Literature review article / Stručni pregledni članak
IMC Banja Luka – Member of the Affidea Group
Corresponding author: Aleksandar Kostovski, IMC Banja Luka – Member of the Affidea Group, 78000 Banja Luka, BiH, Email:
Back in 1999, Bill Gates wrote about advances expected to take place in the healthcare of the future in his book “Business at the speed of thought”. He described the complete flow of information in a pathway surrounding a patient picked up by the ambulance to the moment of discharge from the hospital, including presentation of patient’s status in the ambulance, signing off of the documents on the go, analysis of the best treatment options by the doctors based on the digital documents prior to patient’s arrival to the hospital, digital decision making, treatment prescription and delivery, and even payment. The whole process was presented as an operational improvement that will help medical systems become smarter with patients. This may not be the first time the idea of information technologies has been used in the context of medicine but it has most definitely sealed the direction in which modern medicine was inclined to go. Radiation therapy is a branch of medicine that has been heavily dependent on information technologies since 1970s and 1980s, which are considered as the age when orthovoltage era has ended and the new innovative era began. The next milestone in development happened in 1990s when the use of sophisticated computer technology allowed for the development of 3D conformal radiotherapy and later other types of more complex treatment options. Use of computers has not only helped develop treatment options but has also found its use in the radiotherapy process.